This is my summary of records of rare birds from the UK in October 2017, this is not aimed at being a comprehensive account of all the rare species in the UK in this month, for such accounts see the Birdguides review of the week or the Rare Bird Alert weekly round-up. I am largely writing this as a personal record of rarity records to aid my knowledge and feed my interest in UK birds. The dates provided under each species are only the date of the finding of that bird, 'megas' are shown in red and a full date range for these species is shown. I have only included confirmed records and, generally, have not included possibles or probables. The photographs that I used have been gleaned from the internet, I aim to provide the photographer with full credit and a link to their website or blog, if you see that one of yours has been used and you object to this then please email me and I will remove it immediately, alternatively if you would like to supply a better image or additional information or links then I will add. Contact me at email@example.com
Figure 1 shows the weather system from the 1st October which resulted in the arrival of the American Cliff Swallow on Tresco, Cedar Waxwing on St. Agnes and Red-eyed Vireo on Mizen Head. Note the rapidly moving remnants of Hurricane Maria which swept south of Low 977 on Monday night and resulted in the arrival of these birds. Hurricane Maria lashed Dominica on 19th September and was the tenth-most intense Atlantic hurricane on record, the worst natural disaster in Dominica in its recorded history, and the strongest hurricane to make landfall in Puerto Rico since 1928.
Figure 1 - Synoptic chart for 1st October
After a settled period mid-month a series of low pressure systems sweeping across the Atlantic from 20th to 26th October produced a few more American vagrants including a Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Cliff Swallow, three Grey-cheeked Thrush, Blackpoll Warbler and a Common Yellowthroat (on 28th). The synoptic chart in Figure 2 is typical of the weather patterns of this period.
Figure 2 - Synoptic chart for 20th October
A juvenile male was found at Sand Water, Yell, Shetland on the morning of 18th October before flying off and being relocated at Belmont, Unst in the afternoon of the 18th. The bird was then present until 22nd October.
There are two previously accepted records of American White-winged Scoter as follows:
- River Esk, Musselburgh - 26th December 2013, an adult male.
- Murcar, Aberdeens - 11th - 23rd June 2011, a first-summer male.
Cottascarth, Mainland / Orkney - Adult male on 14th October was presumably the same bird that winter on North Ronaldsay between 25th September 2015 and 28th February 2016 and again 23rd October 2016 until 17th April 2017.
There are eight British and seven Irish records of this species the bulk of records being from September to November. County Wexford has the greatest number of records with six.
First found on 13th September and still present on 15th October (see September Rarities for account).
Easkey, Sligo - Found on 3rd September and still present on 2nd October (see September Rarities for account).
Clonakilty, County Cork - 23rd October
Oare Marshes, Kent - 1st winter 3rd October
Cape Clear, County Cork - 1st October
Inishmore, County Galway - 5th October
Lodmoor RSPB, Dorset - 5th October
Tacumshin, County Wexford - 7th October
Islanddavanna, County Clare - 22nd October
Tacumshin, Wexford - 28th October
Tacumshin, County Wexford - 1st October
Marshside RSPB, Lancashire - 9th October
Baile an Reannaigh, County Kerry - Two on 25th October
St, Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 10th-31st October with up to three birds claimed. The identification of this/ these bird/s has not been confirmed to date.
There are seven British and one Irish record of Wilson's Snipe. The Isles of Scilly are overwhelmingly the best location for this species within the UK with Lower Moors having held five of the eight records. Undoubtedly this difficult to identify species is overlooked, the bird hides at Lower Moors providing an excellent spot to study Snipe at close range provides optimum opportunities to locate this species. These records are as follows:
- Lower Moors and Porth Hellick, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 28th September to 24th December 2011.
- Wingletang, St Agnes, Isles of Scilly - 11th October 2008.
- Lower Moors, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 21st October to 26th December 2007. Three birds together.
- Lower Moors, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 3rd October 2007 until 22nd April 2008.
- Lower Moors, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 9th October 1998 to 7th April 1999.
- Coleraine, County Derry - 28th October 1991, shot.
Cape Clear, County Cork - 5th October
Dawlish Warren NNR / Devon
Soldier's Point, Louth - 8th October
Galway, County Galway - 26th October
St. Agnes, Scilly - 20th October. A typically moribund indivdual found sprawled on the lawn of Grinlinton Farm was taken into care but died overnight.
There are 64 British and 10 Irish records of Yellow-billed Cuckoo with 10 previous records from the Isles of Scilly. All records are from September to December with many of these birds being picked up dead or dying soon after their discovery.
Yellow-billed Cuckoo - Image by Robin Mawyer
Mizen Head, County Cork - 3rd October
Glanfahan, County Kerry - 4th October
Dursey Island, County Cork - 5th October
Inishmore, County Galway - 7th October
Deerness, Mainland, Orkney - 8th October
Inishmore, Galway - 11th October (thought to be a different bird to that on 7th).
Porthgwarra, Cornwall - 12th October
Nanjizal, Cornwall - 15th October
American Cliff Swallow
Tresco and St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly - Found on the 2nd on Tresco and present there until the early afternoon of the 3rd. In the later afternoon of the 3rd it was seen at Deep Point on St. Mary's and on the 4th - 6th was seen around North Hellick and the Airfield, St. Mary's. Then on 7th October it was seen at Porthgwarra for around 15 minutes at 09:00 before flying north.
On 22nd October one was reported flying past the seawatching hide at Spurn, East Yorkshire.
There are nine British and one Irish record of Cliff Swallow with records extending from 28th September to 5th December. The Isles of Scilly are the prime location for this species with four of the 10 records.
- St Agnes, St. Martins and St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly - First-winter, 26th -30th October 2001.
- Titchfield Haven, Hampshire - 1st October 2000 (possibly same as Dorset).
- The Verne, Portland, Dorset - 29th to 30th September 2000.
- St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 28th to 30th September 2000.
- Church Norton, Sussex - Juvenile, 1st October 1996.
- Tresco, Isles of Scilly - Juvenile, 4th to 5th December 1995.
- Dunmore Head, County Kerry - 16th November 1995.
- Spurn, Yorkshire - Juvenile, 22nd - 28th October 1995.
- South Gare, Cleveland - Juvenile, 23rd October 1988.
- St Agnes and St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly - Juvenile, 10th - 27th October 1983.
Cliff Swallow, Tresco, Isles of Scilly by Jamie Partridge. More of Jamie's images can be viewed on his Twitter feed here and his blog here
St. Agnes, Isles of Scilly - Juvenile 3rd - 10th October. On the 4th it showed well and was pinned down around the Santa Warna and Coastguards area of St. Agnes it then showed well on and off until its departure. Read the finders account here on Birdguides.
There are six British and two Irish records of Cedar Waxwing with records from February, June, September, October and November. Unusually for an American passerine, the peak month is June with four records. This is the second record for the Isles of Scilly.
- Treginnis, St David's, Pembrokeshire - 26th June 2015
- Scarinish, Tiree, Argyll - Adult male, 10th June 2015.
- Isles of Scilly, Rosehill, St Mary's, adult male, 2nd -19th June 2015.
- Vaul, Tiree, Argyll - Juvenile, 21st to 29th September 2013.
- Termon, Mullet Peninsula, County Mayo - First-winter, 10th November 2012.
- Inishbofin, County Galway - First-winter, 14th October 2009.
- Nottingham, first-winter, 20th February to 18th March 1996.
- Noss, Shetland - Adult 25-26th June 1985.
Cedar Waxwing - St. Agnes, Isles of Scilly by Kris Webb (Spider). Spider's account of the Cedar Waxwing record (and the June 2015 record) can be found on his blog here: Scilly Spider. His blog is a great account of day to day birding on Scilly and whenever I read it I want to get back to the islands.
Grutness, Mainland, Shetland - 4th - 6th October.
There are 43 British records of this species with an additional 21 from Ireland. The species has been recorded in May, September, October and November with the peak month being October. Shetland is the top location for the species with 12 records while there are eight records from the Isles of Scilly.
American Buff-bellied Pipit _ Greatness, Mainland, Shetland. This image is one of Will Bowell's series of great images taken on the birds first afternoon. More of Will's fantastic images can be seen on his blog Just Wild Images here
Mizen Head, County Cork - 3rd-6th October
There are seven British and four Irish records of Scarlet Tanager with records extending from 28th September to 22nd October. The Isles of Scilly is the prime location for the species with four of the 11 British records being from here.
- Brevig, Barra, Western Isles - First-winter female, 6th to 9th October 2014.
- Sandy Lane, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - First-winter male, 22nd October 2011.
- St Levan, Cornwall - First-winter male, 20th - 21st October 2011.
- Garinish, County Cork - First-winter male, 7th to 11th October 2008.
- Firkeel, County Cork - Adult male, 18th October 1985.
- Firkeel, County Cork - First-winter female, 12th to 14th October 1985.
- St Mary's, Isles of Scilly female, 12th to 18th October 1982.
- Nanquidno, St Just, Cornwall - First-winter male, 11th October 1981.
- Tresco, Isles of Scilly - First-winter male, 28th September to 3rd October 1975.
- St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - First-winter male, 4th October 1970.
- Copeland Bird Observatory, County Down - Female, 12th October 1963.
Scarlet Tanager - Mizen Head, County Cork by Gerard Murray. Gerard's Twitter feed with many of his pictures can be viewed here
Cape Clear, County Cork - 14th October
There are 36 British and six Irish records of Swainson's Thrush with 11 records from the Isles of Scilly and 13 records from Shetland. The species has been recorded in May, June, September and October. October is the peak month with almost half of all records.
Galley Head, County Cork - 19th October
Rosscarbery, County Cork - 20th October
St. Martin's, Isles of Scilly - 26th October
Red Strand, County Cork - 26th October
St. Agnes, Isles of Scilly - First found on 29th September (see September Rarities for account) the 1st winter female remained until 2nd October.
Foula, Shetland - 8th -11th October.
This is still a very rare bird in the British Isles with five British records and one Irish record (plus one at sea record). The most widely seen bird was the 2008 Cley, Norfolk bird was was present from 3rd Januray until 11th March 2008. Of the other five records four have been in the spring between 15th and 27th May with just one previous autumn record from Seaforth, Lancashire on 2nd October 1995.
- Near Leuchars, Fife - 17th–18th May 2008.
- Cley-next-the-Sea, Norfolk - 3rd January to 11th March 2008.
- Dursey Sound, County Cork - 20th - 27th May 2003.
- Seaforth, Lancashire - 2nd October 1995.
- Hornsea Mere, Yorkshire - 22nd May 1977.
- Fair Isle, Shetland - 15th to 16th May 1977.
- Sea area Shannon, Ireland - June 1948. Seen on board SS Nova Scotia bound for Liverpool and insight of Ireland.
Blacksod, County Mayo - 7th - 15th October.
Lochmaddy, North Uist, Outer Hebrides - 23rd October.
There are 47 British and 10 Irish records of Blackpoll Warbler the peak month being October and with the Isles of Scilly claiming a staggering 24 records. County Cork is the next most frequent county with five records, this is the second record for County Mayo the last being on 9th November 2012.
Toe Head, County Cork - A 1st winter female was found on 28th October but there was no sign of the bird the following day.
There are ten British and one Irish record of Common Yellowthroat. With records from January, February, May, June, September, October and November. The peak month is October with five records. British records are as follows:
- Rhiwderin, Newport - 10th February to 31st March 2012.
- Penryn, Cornwall - 23rd October 2006, found dead.
- Foula, Shetland - 9th to 10th October 2004.
- Loop Head, County Clare - 3rd to 4th October 2003.
- St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 9th October to 2nd November 1997.
- Baltasound, Unst, Shetland - 16th to 23rd May 1997.
- Bardsey, Gwynedd - 27th September 1996.
- Near Sittingbourne, Kent - 6th January to 23rd April 1989.
- Bryher, Isles of Scilly, 2nd to 17th October 1984.
- Fetlar, Shetland - 7th to 11th June 1984.
- Lundy, Devon - 4th November 1954.
While the month was dominated by low pressure systems sweeping in from the Atlantic there were sufficient periods of easterly winds to produce some fantastic records of eastern vagrants but there was no repeat of the 2016 invasion of Siberian Accentor. Figure 3 shows one of the weather patterns that produced a flurry of eastern vagrants including perhaps the bird of the autumn, a stunning male Siberian Blue Robin. This weather pattern was typical of the autumns easterly airflows with easterly winds off the top of low pressure systems that had swept from the Atlantic, across the British Isles and then to the Baltic, and there were now settled periods of long distant easterly winds that typified the autumn of 2016.
Figure 3 - Weather pattern on night of 8th October with easterly winds coming off the north edge of the low pressure system centred over the Baltic
Loch of Skene, Aberdeenshire - 16th October, two flew south-east with Pink-footed Geese.
Collieston, Aberdeenshire - 27th October was presumably one of the above birds.
Gartmorn Dam County Park, Forth - 12th October.
Murvagh, County Donegal - 13th October.
Blakeney Point, Norfolk - 8th October
North Ronaldsay, Orkney - 18th October, a presumed Fea's/Desertas/Zino's flew north
North Ronaldsay, Orkney - 30th October, two flew past.
Barrys Head, County Cork - 7th October
Worth Marsh, Kent - 15th October
Pacific Golden Plover
Bannow Bay, County Wexford - 18th October
Fenham Flats, Northumberland - 29th October, adult.
Papa Westray, Orkney - 30th October, juvenile flew west past Mull Head
Eurasian Scops Owl
Ryhope, Durham - Found on 27th September and present until 5th October (see September Rarities for account).
Easington, East Yorkshire - 21st October
Flamborough Head, East Yorkshire - 22nd October
Reiss, Highland - 16th October
Soldiers' Point, Anglesey - 15th October
Steppe Grey Shrike
Challister, Whalsay, Shetland - 14th - 31st October.
There are 25 records of Steppe Grey Shrike in the UK with the top sites being Shetland and Orkney with three records from each. The peak months are September, October and November with records also from April, June and December.
Steppe Grey Shrike, Whalsay, Shetland by John Irvine. John maintains the
excellent Whalsay Bird Diary which features bird news from the island as
well as lots of historical bird stuff from the island.
Eurasian Penduline Tit
Minsmere RSPB, Suffolk - Two on 26th October.
St. Aldhelm's Head, Dorset - 15th - 18th October. Initially found on 15th October and identified as a probable Arctic Warbler after a brief view. Strong winds over the following days hampered efforts to find the bird and it was not until 17th October, when winds eased, that the bird was refound and its identity confirmed. There are four previously accepted records of Two-barred Warbler in the UK as follows:
- Filey, Yorkshire - 16th - 18th October 2006
- Isles of Scilly, Bryher - 27th - 28th September 2003
- Holkham, Norfolk - 15th - 16th October 1996
- Isles of Scilly, Gugh - 22nd - 27th October
Two-barred Warbler by Al Orton. Al Orton's Birding Blog can be viewed here
Easington, East Yorkshire - 15th October.
Hume's Leaf Warbler
Foula, Shetland - 22nd October
Bressay, Shetland - 6th October
Eastern Orphean Warbler
St.Agnes, Isles of Scilly - 12th - 17th October. Originally identified as an Eastern or Western Orphean Warbler a discussion of its subsequent re-identification as an Eastern can be found here. The key feature being the darer centres to the under tail coverts. Read the finders account on Birdguides here.
This is the first confirmed record of Eastern Orphean Warbler for the UK. There are three confirmed British records of Western Orphean Warbler in the UK as follows:
- St Brides, Pembrokeshire - 10th November to 5th December 2013.
- Hartlepool Headland, Cleveland - 29th May 2012.
- Portland Bill, Dorset - 20th September 1955.
And there are a further four records of unidentified (Either Eastern or Western) Orphean Warbler.
- Saltash, Cornwall - 20th to 22nd May 1991. A male in song.
- Seaton Park, Aberdeen - 10th October 1982.
- Kitty Down, St Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 16th to 22nd October 1981.
- Porthgwarra, Cornwall - 22nd October 1967.
Eastern Orphean Warbler - St. Agnes, Isles of Scilly by Jim Almond. Jim's Shropshire Birder website can be viewed here and his blog here. There are some great images on Jim's sites so they are well worth a good exploration.
Collafirth, Northmavine, Mainland, Shetland - 1st-2nd October.
Samphire Hoe Country Park, Kent - Trapped and ringed on 15th October and whilst seen subsequently on 15th was in an area with no access.
While occurring only just the other side of the Channel the Short-toed Treecreeper is a remarkably rare UK visitor (much like Crested Lark). There are 29 records of the species with 21 of these from Kent with 10 from Dungeness alone. Because of the difficulty in identifying the species many records are of birds mist netted. Short-toed Treecreeper records are spread through the year with the peak month being October with seven records.
Fair Isle, Shetland - 7th October.
There are 84 British and five Irish records of White's Thrush with 32 of these records being from Shetland. It has occured in all months with the exception of March, July and August.
Fair Isle, Shetland - 23rd October
Cloughton Wyke, North Yorkshire - 28th October
Mediterranean Flycatcher - Matt Hobbs, Matts Twitter feed can be seen here
This may well turn out to be a duff desperation listers record. But this rather unstreaked, pallid Spotted Flycatcher has drawn some attention. This is a subspecies of Spotted Flycatcher from Corsica and the Balearic Islands that is split by IOC (article on Birding Frontiers here) while HBW Alive classify this 'species' as a race of Spotted Flycatcher but recognise it as potential future split from this species. They include subspecies tyrrhenica and balearica of Spotted Flycatcher under Mediterranean Flycatcher, they conclude 'W Mediterranean races balearica and tyrrhenica are paler, with less streaking on breast and shorter wings, and differ genetically, leading to suggestion that they might warrant species status; limited evidence reveals no obvious differences in voice, and further study required.' Although of course the UK list will follow IOC from January, I think this a great shame and feel we should follow the more conservative (cautious) approach of HBW - more study before splitting, this is currently a little known taxon which clearly needs more study before it is split. Footnote - And so it proved to be a Spotted Flycatcher with DNA results confirming this in mid-November.
Siberian Blue Robin
North Ronaldsay, Orkney - 8th October
There are four British records of Siberian Blue Robin from Britain as follows:
- Ham, Foula, Shetland - First-winter female, 1st October 2011, found dead.
- North Ronaldsay, Orkney - First-winter male, 2nd October 2001.
- Minsmere, Suffolk - Female or first-winter, 23rd October 2000.
- Banquette Valley, Sark, Channel Islands - 27th October 1975
Siberian Blue Robin is a rare enough bird in the UK as it stands with only four records all of one day (or dead) birds but when a stunning adult male wass found on North Ronaldsay the birding world was taken aback. The circumstances of the find where similarly remarkable, the bird being flushed and flying into a deserted croft. It was not until the finders caputured the bird as it fluttered against the window of the croft that the full sensation of their find became apparent. Having then been ringed at the observatory the bird flew into a nearby crop, showed briefly and was not seen again.
Siberian Blue Robin - North Ronaldsay, Orkney. Image taken from the Bird Observatory blog with an account of the finding of the Robin here.
Breeding and wintering range of Siberian Blue Robin - It has a similar range to Siberian Rubythroat but that species breeds further north and west hence (partially) accounting for its greater frerquency of occurence in the UK. Additionally, while I can find no hard evidence for this, Siberian Rubythroat appears to be more abundant within its breeding and wintering range than Siberian Blue Robin.
Sandgarth, Mainland, Shetland - 8th October
Bressay, Shetland - Female on 5th October
There are 12 British and no Irish records of this near mythical species. Ten of these records have come from Shetland with one from Fulwell, Sunderland from 26th to 28th October 2006 and one from Osminton Mills, Dorset on 19th October 1997.
North Roe, Mainland, Shetland - 5th October
Fair Isle, Shetland - 18th October
Common Rock Thrush
Pwll du Quarry, Gilwern, Gwent - 1st winter male on 12th - 31st October
There are 28 British and two Irish records of Common Rock Thrush with records from all months but for January, March, August and December, the peak month being May with 14 records. Records are widespread from coastal counties with the Isles of Scilly being the peak county with four records. There are two records from inland Hertfordshire.
One of the first images of the Common Rock Thrush at Gilwern by Paul Taylor. Paul's
Twitter feed can be seen here
Common Rock Thrush, Pwll du Quarry - Simon Colenutt. Towards the end of the month the Common Rock Thrush was showing well after mealworms had been spread around its chosen quarry. I don't agree with this practice and feel that this bird has been 'held' at the site longer than it would have naturally chosen through the provision of artificial foods - this may ultimately result in the demise of this bird.
Hoswick, Mainland, Shetland - 8th October
Fair Isle, Shetland - 9th October
Sanday, Orkney - 22nd October
St. Agnes, Isles of Scilly - 31st October
Out Skerries, Shetland - 26th October
St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly - First found on 28th September the bird remained on the airfield until 16th October.
There are 34 British and one Irish record of Isabelline Wheatear with records occurring in May, September, October and November. October is the prime month for the species with 18 records. The Isles of Scilly has had five records with four each from Suffolk, Yorkshire and Shetland.
Foula, Shetland - 8th October
Lissagriffin, County Cork - 10th October
Berkeley Power Station, Gloucestershire - 24th October
Lundy, Devon - 26th October
St. Mary's, Isles of Scilly - 27th October
Polgigga, Cornwall - 28th October
Cape Clear, Cork - 28th October
Tacumshin, County Wexford - 29th October
Hornemann's Arctic Redpoll
Baltasound, Unst, Shetland - 2 on 6th Ocober with 3 from 7th October
Ollaberry, Mainland, Shetland - 6th October
Skaw, Unst, Shetland - 7th October
Foula, Shetland - 7th October
Norwick, Unst, Shetland - 8th October
Northdale, Unst, Shetland - Two on 8th October
North Ronaldsay, Orkney - 8th October
Baliasta, Unst, Shetland - 16th October
Melby, Mainland, Shetland - 2 on 20th October
Fair Isle, Shetland - 23rd October
Uyeasound, Unst, Shetland - 24th October
North Ronaldsay, Orkney - 24th October
Baltasound, Uist, Shetland - 5 at Setters Hill Estate on 2nd October
Sand, Mainland, Shetland - 8 on 3rd October
Helendale, Mainland, Shetland - 3 on 3rd October
Lerwick, Mainland, Shetland - 2 on 3rd October
Haroldswick, Unst, Shetland - 1 on 4th October
Ungirsta, Unst, Shetland - 2 on 4th October
Cunningsburgh, Mainland, Shetland - 3 on 5th October.
Gott, Mainland, Shetland - 4 on 5th October
Binscarth, Mainland, Orkney - 1 on 6th October
Levenwick, Mainland, Shetland - 4 on 6th October
Hoswick, Mainland, Shetland - 2 on 6th October
Vidlin, Mainland, Shetland - 2 on 6th October
Feall, Unst, Shetland - 2 on 6th October
Swining, Mainland, Shetland - 7th October
Hestily, South Ronaldsay, Orkney - 22nd October
North Uist, Outer Hebrides - 23rd October
Following the initial flurry of sightings in the northern islands there were several unconfirmed records in mainland Britain, mainly of fly-over birds. Hopefully, there will be further records of more settled birds as the year progresses.
Parrot Crossbill - Sand, Mainland, Shetland. A fantastic image by Josh,
his blog can be viewed here: Josh's Blog
Fair Isle, Shetland - 11th October
Foula, Shetland - 1st October
Dale of Walls, Mainland, Shetland - 1st October
Voe, Mainland, Shetland - 4th October
Portland Bird Observatory - 14th October
Cape Clear, County Cork - 15th October